Back pain – diagnosis and treatment options
Author : healthguru
Published: March 1, 2010, 7:04 am
The back pain can be due to many reasons. It may be due to bulging of the discs, pregnancy, obesity,
ankolysing spondilytis, presence of tumor at the base of the spinal nerves, stressful postures for longer times
or due to psychiatric causes.
If the back pain does not get relieved by resting or non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and persists longer
than three months then it is better to visit the back pain doctor. The back pain specialist is known as the
orthopedic doctor. If the back pain has leg involvement then a neurologist may also be involved in the
It is very difficult to diagnose the lower back pain. The diagnosis of chronic back pain is done on the basis of
medical history, physical examination and imaging studies. The imaging studies include X ray, Magnetic
Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computerized Tomography scan (CT scan). However, such a situation is
possible where there may be abnormalities in the imaging studies but pain may not be there.
In acute back pain compresses of heat and cold are useful. The medications are non steroidal anti
inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), muscle relaxants and aspirin are useful.
The treatment for chronic back pain relief is the one for symptomatic relief or to prevent the interference in the
process of recovery. However, these medications do not accelerate the process of recovery. The chronic back
pain treatment is the mixture of medications, exercise, physical therapy, occupational therapy and lifestyle
modifications. Quitting smoking and weight reduction are important and patient’s activities related to
his occupation need to be evaluated. In case of herniated discs surgery can be done. However as with other
conditions surgery is the last treatment option.
Arthritis back pain is the pain caused due to rubbing of spinal bones on each other. This is due to wearing
down of cartilage discs between t