CALIFORNIA OCCUPATIONAL GUIDE - NUMBER 162
COURT AND SHORTHAND REPORTERS
use a stenotype type machine and apply
knowledge of shorthand symbols to
record statements and testimony given at
court trials, depositions, legislative
hearings, business meetings, and
Court Reporters are full-time employees
of a court system, usually assigned to a
specific judge and court. About
27 percent of Court Reporters are
employed in this capacity.
A stenotype machine uses symbols to represent sounds or
“phonetics” of language. Court Reporters perform the
• Listen to statements and testimony and rapidly make word-
for-word recordings using a computer-aided-transcription
(CAT) stenotype machine.
• Clearly read transcribed statements aloud in court or
deposition settings, as needed.
• Edit transcripts of proceedings for accuracy.
• Format transcripts according to court requirements.
Computer-aided transcription (CAT) is a technology that allows
for computerized shorthand reporting. This stenotype machine
attaches to a computer to transcribe and display the English
translation on the monitor.
Stenotype machines have 22 keys. Court Reporters press one
and often several keys to record a “phonetic syllable” or an
abbreviation for a word or phrase. Court Reporters record at
speeds of 200-250 words per minute or more. Stenographic
symbols are recorded on both paper tape and on the computer.
A software program then translates the stenotype notes into
Most Court Reporters are employed in courts of law or in the
reporting of depositions, while some others are employed in
private industry, other branches of government, such as the
Legislature, and in the United Nations. They may also work
under the titles described below.
Freelance Court Reporters work independently of the court.
Assignments can include reporting depositions (statements
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COURT AND SHORTHAND REPOR