Biology's Impact on Scientific Development
Biology is a field of science which investigates the structure of living organisms and how they interact
and coexist with each other. Biological studies date back to some of the earliest civilizations where it
became a dominant factor for the Greeks in literature, philosophy and contemplation. The Greeks are
responsible for the naming of this field of science along with many others which were spread
throughout the ancient and modern world.
Research and contemplation into biology were not limited to Western civilizations. Medieval Islamic
scholars heavily researched fields of biology and other natural science disciplines which were recorded
in detail and found in libraries throughout their empire. Perhaps some of the most famous early
biologists include Aristotle, Diocles, Galen, Al-Jahiz, Al-Dinawari, Rhazes, Abd-el-latif, Andreas Vesalius,
and Carl Linnaeus. Today biology is taught to children from elementary school throughout college
Studies in biology typically begin by examining the simplest forms of life consisting of singled celled
organisms and microorganisms. Being the earliest forms of life, microorganisms are an essential area of
study to understand the basic aspects behind all complex forms of life. These include concepts such as
reproduction, cell division, mitosis, meiosis and binary fission. Complex forms of life such as animals and
plants often rely on microorganisms to reproduce and ensure the survival of a species.
Plant biology, also known as botany, is often examined in earlier courses of biological studies as well.
Energy is an integral aspect of all living organisms and the majority of energy distributed to animals
comes from plants. Plants convert energy from sunlight and other nutrients to synthesize energy
sources which can easily be consumed by animals. Photosynthesis is the process which makes this
possible. Along with producing food sources, plants convert gases in the atmosphere into the oxygen