The Tafsir of Surat Al-A`raf (Chapter 7)
Which was revealed in Makkah
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(2. (This is the) Book (the Qur'an) sent down unto you, so let not your breast be narrow therefrom, that you warn thereby;
and a reminder unto the believers.)
(3. Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord, and follow not any Awliya' (protectors), besides Him
(Allah). Little do you remember!) We mentioned before the explanation of the letters (such as, Alif-Lam, that are in the
beginning of some Surahs in the Qur'an).
((This is the) Book (the Qur'an) sent down unto you (O Muhammad)), from your Lord,
(so let not your breast be narrow therefrom,) meaning, having doubt about it according to Mujahid, Qatadah and As-Suddi.
It was also said that the meaning here is: `do not hesitate to convey the Qur'an and warn with it,'
(Therefore be patient as did the Messengers of strong will) (46:35). Allah said here,
(that you warn thereby) meaning, `We sent down the Qur'an so that you may warn the disbelievers with it,'
(and a reminder unto the believers). Allah then said to the world,
(Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord) meaning, follow and imitate the unlettered Prophet, who
brought you a Book that was revealed for you, from the Lord and master of everything.
(and follow not any Awliya', besides Him (Allah)) meaning, do not disregard what the Messenger brought you and follow
something else, for in this case, you will be deviating from Allah's judgment to the decision of someone else. Allah's
(Little do you remember!) is similar to,
(And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly) (12:103), and;
(And if you obey most of those on the earth, they will mislead you far away from Allah's path) (6:116), and,
(And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him) (12:106).
(4. And a great number of towns We destroyed. Our torment came upon them by n