Have you noticed that the URLs of certain websites begin with “https” while there are
some website URLs that start with “http”? The difference between these two is not just
about an extra letter “s” but about the secure encryption that is guaranteed by an SSL
certificate in the case where the URL starts with “https”.
So, what is SSL? SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer. Using it, indicates the use of a
standard technology to ensure the security of an Internet connection. It safeguards all the
sensitive data that are sent from one system to another. This aids in preventing
cybercriminals from accessing and modifying any data that is being transferred between
two systems, especially any personal/confidential information. These two systems could
be a client (browser) and a server (a shopping website) or it could be two severs.
An SSL certificate serves the purpose of encrypting the data that get transmitted back and
forth between a user’s device (laptop, mobile phone, etc.) and the target website.
Whenever a website visitor enters information into a website that has availed SSL
certificate, the SSL ensures that the entered information is transmitted securely from the
browser to the web server. This is attained by rendering data transferred between two
systems unreadable. Encryption algorithms are used for this purpose, which scramble
the data that is in transit. This ensures that no one with malicious intention can read such
data when the data is being sent over a connection. Such data usually include sensitive or
personal information. Since SSL ensures data security, it is commonly used by sites that
require users to submit sensitive information, such as their credit card details, financial
information, addresses and other personal information.
To digress, websites are made available online through the service of web hosting that is
provided by web hosting companies. Without this service it won’t be possible to access
any website over the Internet. Web hosting service providers offer vario