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Creative Biolabs is a leading service provider that focuses on all kinds of
Vaccine Technology that include Vaccine Target Validation, Monoclonal
Antibody Vaccines, Cell Based Vaccines and more. We also provide a wide
range of Vaccine Design services to meet our customers’ requirements.
What Is A Vaccine?
Infectious diseases cause an overwhelming number of deaths around the
world and their clinical management is often hampered by the emergence of
multidrug resistant strains. Therefore, prevention through vaccination is
currently the best course of action to beat them.
A vaccine is a biological agent that provides active acquired immunity to a
particular disease. A vaccine usually contains an agent that resembles a
disease-causing microorganism. It is often made from killed or weakened
forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins. Body's
immune system is stimulated to recognize the agent as a threat and destroy
it, and any of these microorganisms that it later encounters.
The Type of Vaccines
Vaccines can be prophylactic (e.g. to prevent or reduce the impact of a future
infection by a pathogen), or therapeutic (e.g. cancer vaccines are being
investigated). Vaccines exist in many different forms which may contain live,
attenuated virus, or an inactivated micro-organism, or some unique
molecular component of the organism that causes illnesses. Vaccines can
generally be classified as Live Attenuated Vaccine, Inactivated Vaccine,
Subunit Vaccine, Vector Vaccine, Conjugate Vaccine, DNA and RNA Vaccine
Table 1. A summary of vaccine product classifications (Josefsberg et al. 2012)
Smallpox, polio, measles, mumps, rubella,
chicken pox, rotavirus, shingles, influenza,
and yellow fever