The author(s) shown below used Federal funds provided by the U.S.
Department of Justice and prepared the following final report:
Determinants of Community Policing: An Open
Systems Model of Implementation
Jeremy M. Wilson
This report has not been published by the U.S. Department of Justice.
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Department of Justice.
Determinants of Community Policing: An Open Systems Model of Implementation
Little is known about the determinants of community policing (COP). This research
draws upon organizational theory to develop and test a model of COP implementation. It
considers COP as a functional of its organizational context (task and institutional demands) and
structure (complexity and control), and examines if COP in turn affects organizational structure.
It also explores the relationship between the organizational context and structure to assess if the
organizational context indirectly impacts COP implementation through organizational structure.
A critical aspect of this model is the measure of COP implementation, which I derive from
multiple COP activities and test on two samples of data.
I gathered data from several sources to assess the COP model. These included the Law
Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) surveys of 1997 and 1999,
the U.S. Census of 1990, surveys of police organizations conducted by Edward Maguire and
William King, and data on funding from the federal Office of Community Oriented Policing
Services. Merging these sources yielded data on 401 large (i.e., 100 or more full-time equivale