Motto: "Unité, Progrès, Justice" (French)
"Unity, Progress, Justice"
Anthem: Une Seule Nuit (French)
One Single Night - Thomas Sankara
(and largest city)
12°20′N 1°40′W / 12.333°N
1.667°W / 12.333; -1.667
August 5, 1960
274,000 km2 (74th)
105,792 sq mi
- Water (%)
▲ 0.372 (low) (173rd)
West African CFA franc
Drives on the
The data here is an estimation for the year
2005 produced by the International
Monetary Fund in April 2005.
Burkina Faso (pronounced /bɚˌkiːnəˈfɑːsoʊ/
burr-KEE-nə FAH-soh or /byʁ.ki.na fa.so/ in
French), also known by its short-form name
is a landlocked nation in West
Africa. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali
to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the
south east, Togo and Ghana to the south, and
Côte d’Ivoire to the south west. Its size is
274,000 km² with an estimated population of
more than 13,200,000. Formerly called the
Republic of Upper Volta, it was renamed
on August 4, 1984, by President Thomas
Sankara to mean "the land of upright people"
in Moré and Dioula, the major native lan-
guages of the country. Literally, "Burkina"
may be translated, "men of integrity," from
language, and "Faso" means
"father’s house" in Dioula. The inhabitants of
Burkina Faso are known as Burkinabè (pro-
nounced /bɚˈkiːnəbeɪ/ burr-KEE-nə-bay).
Burkina Faso’s capital is Ouagadougou.
After gaining independence from France in
1960, the country underwe