FM 3-25.150(FM 21-150)
BASIC GROUND-FIGHTING TECHNIQUES
Basic ground-fighting techniques build a fundamental understanding
of dominant body position, which should be the focus of most combatives
training before moving on to the more difficult standing techniques.
Ground fighting is also where technique can most easily be used to
overcome size and strength.
Section I. DOMINANT BODY POSITION
Before any killing or disabling technique can be applied, the soldier must first gain and
maintain dominant body position. The leverage gained from dominant body position
allows the fighter to defeat a stronger opponent. An appreciation for dominant position is
fundamental to becoming a proficient fighter because it ties together what would
otherwise be a long confusing list of unrelated techniques. If a finishing technique is
attempted from dominant position and fails, the fighter can simply try again. If, on the
other hand, a finishing technique is attempted from other than dominant position and
fails, it will usually mean defeat. The dominant body positions will be introduced in order
The back mount gives the fighter the best control of the fight (Figure 3-1, page 3-2).
From this position it is very difficult for the enemy to either defend himself or
counterattack. Both legs should be wrapped around the enemy with the heels “hooked”
inside his legs. One arm is under an armpit and the other is around the neck and the hands
are clasped. Even though a fighter may find himself with his own back on the ground this
is still the back mount.
While in the back mount, the fighter’s feet should
never be crossed because this would provide the
enemy an opportunity for an ankle break.
Figure 3-1. Back mount.
The front mount (Figure 3-2) is dominant because it allows the fighter to strike the enemy
with punches without the danger of effective return punches, and also provides the
leverage to attack the enemy’s upper body with joint attacks. Knees are as h