Swansea Safeguarding Children Board
Serious Case Reviews
19th March 2010
Serious Case Reviews are now more than ever before in the public eye. This
is as a result of government guidance stemming from the 2004 additions to
The Children Act 1989 which followed the death of Victoria Climbie.
The Children Act 2004 requires that a Local Safeguarding Children Board
(LSCB) is established in every local authority area. The LSCB is responsible
for coordinating the services of the agencies in their area to safeguard and
promote the welfare of children.
Safeguarding Children: Working Together under the Children Act 2004,
Chapter 10 explains:
10.1 Under section 32(2) of the Children Act 2004, a Local Safeguarding
Children Board is to have such functions as the Assembly may prescribe by
regulations, which may in particular include functions of review and
investigation. The Local Safeguarding Children boards (Wales) Regulations
2005 require that where abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected
• A child dies; or
• A child sustains a potentially life-threatening injury or serious and
permanent impairment of health or development, this may include
cases where a child has been subjected to particularly serious sexual
The Local Safeguarding Children Board for the area must conduct a serious
10.2 Additionally, LSCBs should always undertake a serious case review
• A child has committed suicide; or
• The child has been killed by a parent with a mental illness.
The Care and Social Services Inspectorate Wales report published in October
2009 “Improving Practice to Protect Children in Wales: An Examination of the
role of Serious Case Reviews” identified that approximately fifty to sixty
serious case reviews were underway in Wales in August 2009.
Swansea Safeguarding Children Board (SSCB) has carried out serious case
reviews as specified in Welsh Assembly Government guidanc