Administrative Guidance for Multistate Extension Activities and
Integrated Research and Extension Activities
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Why was this Administrative Guidance developed?
This Administrative Guidance was developed to implement sections 105 and 204 of the Agricultural
Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (AREERA). Section 105 of AREERA
amended the Smith-Lever Act to require that a specified amount of agricultural extension formula funds
be expended on multistate extension activities. Section 204 of AREERA amended the Hatch Act and
Smith-Lever Act to require that a specified amount of agricultural research and extension formula funds
be expended on integrated research and extension activities.
2. To whom does the Administrative Guidance apply?
The Administrative Guidance applies to the 1862 land-grant institutions in the 50 States. The
requirements of section 204 of AREERA also applies to the District of Columbia for the Hatch Act
3. What was the intent of sections 105 and 204 of AREERA?
The intent of section 105 of AREERA is to strongly encourage 1862 land-grant institutions to address
critical agricultural issues within States more effectively and efficiently by requiring institutions to expend
a certain percentage of Smith-Lever Act (Section 3(b) &(c)) funds on Multistate Extension Activities.
In addition, as a result of the States not only having to commit and expend funds on these activities, but
to report on them as well, the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service
(CSREES) hopes to provide better accountability (i.e., showing impacts) to the Office of Management
and Budget (OMB) and to Congress. In
FY 2000 and thereafter, CSREES will be able to report the impact of this legislation by comparing the
current level of expenditures on Multistate Extension Activities with the fiscal year (FY) 1997 levels and
by evaluating the success of the Multistate Extension Activities supported with these funds.
The intent of section 204