A guide for the Voters
Control unit and Balloting Unit
Electronic Voting Machine
Why should you vote?
India is the largest democracy in the world. The right to vote and more
importantly the exercise of franchise by the eligible citizens is at the heart of
every democracy. We, the people, through this exercise of our right to vote
have the ultimate power to shape the destiny of country by electing our
representatives who run the Government and take decisions for the growth,
development and benefit of all the citizens.
2. Who can vote?
All citizens of India who are 18 years of age as on 1st January of the
year for which the electoral roll is prepared are entitled to be registered as a
voter in the constituency where he or she ordinarily resides. Only persons
who are of unsound mind and have been declared so by a competent court or
disqualified due to ‘Corrupt Practices’ or offences relating to elections are not
entitled to be registered in the electoral rolls.
3. What is an electoral roll?
An electoral roll is a list of all eligible citizens who are entitled to cast
their vote in an election. The electoral rolls are prepared Assembly
Constituency wise. An electoral roll for any Assembly Constituency is sub-
divided into parts corresponding with the polling booths. The Election
Commission of India has decided to generally have a maximum of 1200
electors per booth. The polling booths are so set up that no voter should
ordinarily travel more than 2 kms. to reach the polling booth. Normally, one
part will correspond with one polling booth.
3.2 To exercise your franchise, the first and foremost requirement is that
your name should be in the electoral roll. Without your name registered in the
relevant part for the area where you ordinarily reside in the Assembly
Constituency, you will not be allowed to exercise your franchise. Therefore, it
is your duty to find out whether your name has been registered or not.
How to reg