A New World Map in Textiles and Clothing ADJUSTING TO CHANGEOECD’s books, periodicals and statistical databases are now available via www.SourceOECD.org,
our online library.
This book is available to subscribers to the following SourceOECD theme:
Industry, Services and Trade
Ask your librarian for more details of how to access OECD books on line, or write to us at
The textile and clothing industries accounted for USD 350 billion or 5.6% of total merchandise
exports in 2002. They provide employment for tens of millions of people, primarily in developing
countries but things are set to change drastically when new trade rules come into force at the
end of 2004.
The elimination of quantitative import restrictions as agreed under the World Trade Organisation
(WTO) Agreement on Textiles and Clothing will put an end to a complex trade regime built
up over decades and will have huge implications for all those involved in the entire supply
chain. Countries will no longer be able to protect their own industries by means of quantitative
restrictions on imports of textile and clothing products. What will this mean for cotton growers
in Burkina Faso or Turkey, fashion retailers in France or the United States, and shirt factories in
Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic or China? Who stands to lose or to gain? Where will jobs
be lost and new markets found, and how can governments help their own textile and clothing
industries adjust to this new trade regime?
These are just some of the questions that this publication attempts to answer. A New World
Map in Textiles and Clothing identifies the most recent market developments throughout the
entire supply chain, from natural fibres to retail distribution. It outlines the policy and regulatory
challenges in the fields of trade, labour adjustment, technology and innovation, and suggests a
policy framework to help deal effectively with such changes as well as to capitalise on the trade
opportunities that are being created through improved market acc