what is colon cancer?
Colorectal cancer starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be called colon cancer or
rectal cancer, depending on where they start. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped
because they have many features in common.
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:
continues change in your bowel habits and also diarrhea or
constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool
Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
Abdominal discomforts, such as cramps, gas, or pain
Weakness or fatigue
Unexplained weight loss
Most people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the
early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, there will vary, depending on the
cancer and size and location in your large intestine.
What are the causes of Colon Cancer?
Diet and environmental factors play a very important role in the causes of cancer. A diet high in fat
and red meat is a predisposing factor for this cancer and consuming large amounts of alcohol and
smoking. Obesity is also a risk factor. About 10% of people develop this cancer because of gene
changes, some of which can be inherited from their parents. These mutations can also cause cancer
in other organs such as the ovaries and uterus.
Cells follow an orderly process of growth, division, and death.
Cancer will develop when cells grow and divide
uncontrollably and when they do not die at the normal point in
their life cycle.
Most instances of colon most cancers originate from
noncancerous tumors referred to as adenomatous polyps. These
shape at the internal partitions of the big intestine.
Cancerous cells may also unfold from malignant tumors to
different parts of the frame via the blood and lymph systems.
Most cancer cells can develop and invade healthful tissue
close by and at some stage in the frame in a technique known as
metastasis. The result is a more serious, much less treatable
What are the treatments available for Colon Cancer?
2. Radiation therapy