Dobruja (dark green) within Romania and
Bulgaria (light green) in Europe
Добруджа, Dobrudzha; Romanian: Dobrogea;
Turkish: Dobruca; Greek: Δοβρουτσά, Dov-
routsá), is a historical region shared by Bul-
garia and Romania,
located between the
lower Danube river and the Black Sea, in-
cluding the Danube Delta, Romanian coast
and the northernmost part of the Bulgarian
The territory of Dobruja comprises North-
ern Dobruja, which is part of Romania, and
Southern Dobruja, which belongs to Bulgaria.
The territory of the Romanian region
Dobrogea is now organised as the counties
of Constanţa and Tulcea, with a combined
area of 15,500 km² and a population of
slightly less than a million. Its main cities are
Constanţa, Tulcea, Medgidia and Mangalia.
Dobrogea is represented by dolphins in the
coat of arms of Romania.
The Bulgarian region of Dobrudzha is di-
vided between the administrative regions of
Dobrich and Silistra. This part has a total
area of 7,565 km², with a combined popula-
tion of some 350,000 people, the main towns
being Dobrich and Silistra (regional seats).
With the exception of the Danube Delta, a
marshy region located in its northeastern
Woods and agricultural land in the Northern
Steppe and agricultural land in the Central
corner, Dobruja is hilly, with an average alti-
tude of about 200–300 metres. The highest
point is in the Ţuţuiatu (Greci) Peak in the
Măcin Mountains, having a height of 467 m.
The Dobrogea Plateau covers most of the Ro-
manian part of Dobruja, while in the Bulgari-
an part the Ludogorie Plateau is found. Lake
Siutghiol is one of the most important lakes
in Northern Dobruja.
Dobruja lies in the temperate continental
climatic area; the local climate is determined
by the influx of oceanic air from the northw-
est and northeast and continental air from
the East European Plain. Dobruja’s relatively
level terrain and its bare location facilitate
the influx of humid, warm air in the spring,