Monopoly is a board game that originated in the United States in 1903 as a way to demonstrate that an economy which rewards wealth creation is better than one in which monopolists work under few constraints and to promote the economic theories of Henry George and in particular his ideas about taxation. The current version was first published by Parker Brothers in 1935. Subtitled "The Fast-Dealing Property Trading Game", the game is named after the economic concept of monopoly—the domination of a market by a single entity. It is now produced by the United States game and toy company Hasbro. Players move around the game-board buying or trading properties, developing their properties with houses and hotels, and collecting rent from their opponents, with the goal being to drive them all into bankruptcy leaving one monopolist in control of the entire economy. Since the board game was first commercially sold in the 1930s, it has become a part of popular world culture, having been locally licensed in more than 103 countries and printed in more than thirty-seven languages.
THE MONOPOLY GAME RULES: STANDARD OR LONG RULES
Object The object of the game is become the wealthiest player through buying, renting and selling
Equipment The equipment consists of a board, 2 dice, tokens, 32 houses and 12 hotels. There are
16 Chance and 16 Community Chest cards, a Title Deed card for each property (28 total) and play
money (7 denominations, 30+ copies of each).
Preparation Place the board on a table and put the Chance and Community Chest cards shuffled
& face down on their allotted spaces on the board. Each player chooses one token to represent
him/her on his/her travels around the board. Each player is given $1,500 divided as follows: 2x
$500ʼs; 4x $100ʼs; 1x $50; 1x $20; 2x $10ʼs; 1x $5; and 5x $1ʼs. All remaining money and other
equipment go to the Bank.
Banker Select as Banker a player/volunteer who will also make a good Auctioneer. If the Banker
plays in the game, he/she must keep his/her personal funds separate from those of the Bank.
The Bank Besides the Bankʼs money, the Bank holds the Title Deed cards and houses and hotels
prior to purchase and use by the players. The Bank pays salaries ($200 for passing “GO”) and
bonuses. It sells and auctions properties and hands out their proper Title Deed cards; it sells
houses and hotels to the players and lends money when required on mortgages. The Bank collects
all taxes, fines, loans and interest, and the price of all properties, which it sells and auctions. The
Bank never “goes broke.” If the Bank runs out of money, it may issue as much more as may be
needed by merely writing on any ordinary piece of paper.
The Play Starting with the Banker, each player in turn throws the dice. The player with the highest
total starts the play. He/she places his/her token on the corner marked “GO,” throws the 2 dice and
moves his/her token in the direction of the arrow the number of spaces indicated by the dice. After
he/she has completed his/her play, the turn to play passes to the left. The tokens remain