EARLY DETECTION OF DISEASE IN THE CHILD.
It is highly important that a mother should possess such information a
s will enable her to detect disease at its first appearance, and thus
insure for her child timely medical assistance. This knowledge it will
not be difficult for her to obtain. She has only to bear in mind what
are the indications which constitute health, and she will at once see
that all deviations from it must denote the presence of disorder, if
not of actual disease. With these changes she must to a certain extent
make herself acquainted.
Signs of health.
The signs of health are to be found, first, in the healthy performance
of the various functions of the body; the regular demands made for it
s supply, neither in excess or deficiency; and a similar regularity in
its excretions both in quantity and appearance.
If the figure of the healthy infant is observed, something may be learn
t from this. There will be perceived such an universal roundness in all
parts of the child's body, that there is no such thing as an angle to
be found in the whole figure; whether the limbs are bent or straight, e
very line forms a portion of a circle. The limbs will feel firm and sol
id, and unless they are bent, the joints cannot be discovered.
The tongue, even in health, is always white, but it will be free from s
ores, the skin cool, the eye bright, the complexion clear, the head coo
l, and the abdomen not projecting too far, the breathing regular, and w
When awake, the infant will be cheerful and sprightly, and, loving to
be played with, will often break out into its merry, happy, laugh; whi
lst, on the other hand, when asleep, it will appear calm, every featur
e composed, its countenance displaying an expression of happiness, and
frequently, perhaps, lit up with a smile.
Just in proportion as the above appearances are present and entire, he
alth may be said to exist; and just in proportion to their partial or
total absence disease will hav