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Different Types of Learning Disabilities
By: Jane Saeman
A learning disability is a problem that the brain has in processing certain kinds of information. This information may take the form
of verbal, written, or numerical cues. While these problems can't be cured, they can be effectively dealt with through various
strategies. People with learning problems often go on to live highly successful lives, but first they must identify what type of
disability they have and how to work with it. The following is a listing of the most common learning disabilities and their symptoms.
Dyslexia: This is the most common and well-known learning disability in the United States. People with dyslexia have problems
reading and/or understanding written language due to directional or sequencing problems. Symptoms of dyslexia may include: late
talking, trouble learning the alphabet, poor spelling, and overreliance on memorization.
Dyscalculia: Those with dyscalculia find it hard to understand the basic principles and practices of mathematics. Some indicators of
dyscalculia include: difficulty learning numbers, mixing up mathematical symbols, and having trouble with numerical order.
Dysgraphia: This learning disability is characterized by the inability to write within a set space, such as a lined piece of paper. The
Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA) categorizes this disorder as an output problem, caused by lack of control of the
small muscles that dictate fine motor skills. Possible symptoms of dysgraphia include: late development of fine motor skills, poor
handling of writing tools, and illegible handwriting.
Auditory and Visual Perception Disabilities: People with these kinds of learning problems are able to see and hear without difficulty,
but still find it trying to understand language. Thus, this is a probl