Excellent Coffee Origins - Indonesian Coffee
Coffee came towards the Dutch East Indies archipelago within the late 17th century. The legend of
coffee itself makes fascinating reading (Kaldi and his dancing goats!), but for Indonesian purposes
coffee arrived here in an organized and less mythical fashion on VOC (the Dutch East Indies
company) trading galleons, by way of Yemen and also the Dutch enclave of Malabar. These first
coffees introduced had been Arabica, direct descendents of 6 coffee trees the Dutch managed to
smuggle out from Yemen and plant within the Botanical gardens in Amsterdam. The trees were
effectively suited towards the tropical situations found on Java and immediately thrived and
produced cherries. The first plantations had been situated close to Batavia (modern day Jakarta).
Later plantations were established in Sulawesi, Maluku and Sumatra. Independently Colonial rivals
Portugal planted Arabica in East and West Timor in addition to in Flores. Coffee, in addition to
nutmeg, cloves along with other spices, became the backbone from the VOC economic machine.
Infrastructure to get crops out of plantation locations led to development of port and later rail and
road systems that nevertheless exist today. Following the demise with the VOC the Dutch colonial
government took over a lot of on the business activities in Indonesia. At one stage sale of these
commodities made up nearly 30% from the whole Dutch GDP. Get far more details about Kopi
In the late 1800's rust disease hit the coffee crops of Indonesia. The disease was debilitating, wiping
out a lot of the Arabica trees in Java, as well as inside the outer islands. The Dutch colonial
government responded by replanting- firstly within a subspecies known as Liberica (which proved to
become nearly undrinkable) then largely within the far more resistant Robusta range. Robusta still
makes up around 90% of the coffee crop grown in Indonesia these days.
You will discover 4 primary sub sorts of Arabica