J50.610 â€“ Ivory
Research Paper â€“ Childhood Obesity
Childhood obesity is an important issue because of the staggering proportions that
this disease has reached in the past few years. Certain genetic factors paired with
changing lifestyles and culture has produced kids (and adults) who are generally not as
healthy as people were just a few decades ago. Widespread obesity has been the extreme
result of these changes.
I chose this topic because I have worked with children all of my life. I plan to
continue my work with children in the future, possibly in an academic administration
setting. Because schools are seen as an important player in the battle with childhood
obesity, it is important that educators are aware of the health risks and that they learn
what they can do to change the situation.
The Center for Disease Control Website distinguishes between the terms
overweight and obesity. The term overweight refers to a person with a weight that is
high compared to others his same height and technically has nothing to do with an
individualâ€™s amount of body fat. For example someone could have a higher weight due
to having lots of muscle mass (Defining). In consideration of this, one source points out
that it is probably more accurate to say that someone is overfat when referring to a
condition of having too much body fat (Insel and Roth, 237).
Obesity on the other hand is defined as â€œan excessively high amount of body
fatâ€¦in relation to lean body massâ€ (Defining).
The prevalence of obesity in America rose 11 percentage points between 1991
and 2003, especially among African-Americans and young Mexican-Americans (James).
Another study was conducted comparing the time period of 1988-1994 to 1999-
2000. Between these two periods, the percentage of overweight children rose an average
of 4.1 percentage points for groups of kids between the ages of two and 19. The most
extreme cases were found among Mexican-Americans and African-Americans. (Ogden.)
Class 3 obesity is defined as