AN INTRODUCTION TO
COMPILED BY HOWIE BAUM
• Artificial intelligence (AI), sometimes called machine intelligence,
is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural
intelligence displayed by humans and other animals, such as "learning"
and "problem solving. .
In computer science AI research is defined as the study of
"intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and
takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its
HOW ARE HUMANS INTELLIGENT ?
• Problem Solving and Creativity
• Social Behavior
• Experiencing our Environment with our senses:
Ways that People Think and Learn
• If you have a problem, think of a past situation
where you solved a similar problem.
• If you take an action, anticipate what might happen
• If you fail at something, imagine how you might
have done things differently.
• If you observe an event, try to infer what prior event
might have caused it.
• If you see an object, wonder if anyone owns it.
• If someone does something, ask yourself what the
person's purpose was in doing that.
This is what
Can you list
the items in
this picture ?
Can you count the
letters in a book?
Add a thousand
Search a list of a
This is what
Computers do best
Artificial intelligence (AI) - The study of computer systems that
attempt to model and apply the intelligence of the human mind.
For example, writing a program to pick out objects in a picture:
When we compare Humans to Machines, it is important to note that a
Machine can be a car, a Smart Phone, a Digital Television, etc.
The illustration below illustrates a typical information flow between the
"human" and "machine" components of a system. For a properly designed
system, its imp