Root Canal: Indications,
Procedure, and Risks
B L O G | S U N R I S E D E N T I S T R Y
Decades ago, root canals were known for
being painful. Fortunately, advancements in
medical technologies and local anesthetics
make a patient’s experience very little to no
pain, which means fewer people are avoiding
What Is a Root Canal?
A root canal refers to the tooth’s inner
passages between the pulp and tooth roots. It
is also a term used to define a dental
procedure that involves removing infected
material to relieve root canal pain.
The root canal contains nerves and blood
responsible for the hot and cold sensation.
When an adult tooth has emerged from the
gums, the tooth’s nerves no longer serve any
other functions besides sensing cold, heat,
and other stimuli.
For this reason, a root canal treatment is highly
medically necessary when something is wrong.
Removing the nerve in an infected tooth is also
part of the standard procedure for treating pain
due to decay, damage, or an infection in the
Why Do People Get Root Canals?
People often settle for root canal treatment to
relieve the pain in their root canals. The
common causes include decay, infection, and
occasionally damage from other sources.
Damage: If you notice cracks and chips in a
tooth, this will eventually cause root canal
Decay: Tooth decay that has deeply
penetrated the outer layers can also lead to
the same result.
Infection: Infection happens when there is a
detected growth of bacteria in a particular
tooth. Bacteria may enter through a dental
cavity or a chip and crack in a tooth, and this
is able to spread all the way down to its root.
How Is the Root Canal Procedure Done?
The procedure starts with an appointment.
Once you arrive for your appointment, a dental
technician will welcome you and escort you to
be situated in a dental chair. You will then be
given a bib to place around your neck to
prevent staining your clothes.
The following steps will be completed t