Al‐Jarf, Reima Sado (1999). Electronic Dictionaries in ESL classrooms.
TESOL Arabia '99. 5th Annual Conference 'Teaching Learning and
Technology', Conference Proceedings Vol. IV, pp. 42‐51.
The present study tried to find out the percentage of ESL and translation students who
use the electronic dictionary (ED), differences between ESL and translation students in
using ED, level at which students started to use an ED, courses in which students use an
ED, kinds of ED that students use, i.e. monolingual, English‐Arabic, Arabic‐English, general
or specialized ED, the percentage of words that they find in an ED, kinds of linguistic
information that they obtain from an ED, reasons for using an ED, limitations of an ED as
perceived by the students in both groups, reasons for not using an ED at all, and the
advantages of the book dictionary (BD) over an ED as perceived by users of an ED.