PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS IN
A tactical manual for the revolutionary. First published by the Central Intelligence
Agency and distributed to the Contras in Central America.
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• COMBATANT-PROPAGANDIST GUERRILLA
• ARMED PROPAGANDA
• ARMED PROPAGANDA TEAMS (APTs)
• DEVELOPMENT AND CONTROL OF FRONT ORGANIZATIONS
• CONTROL OF MASS CONCENTRATIONS AND MEETINGS
• MASSIVE IN-DEPTH SUPPORT THROUGH PSYCHOLOGICAL
Guerrilla warfare is essentially a political war. Therefore, its area of
operations exceeds the territorial limits of conventional warfare, to penetrate
the political entity itself: the "political animal" that Aristotle defined.
In effect, the human being should be considered the priority objective
in a political war. And conceived as the military target of guerrilla war, the
human being has his most critical point in his mind. Once his mind has been
reached, the "political animal" has been defeated, without necessarily
Guerrilla warfare is born and grows in the political environment; in
the constant combat to dominate that area of political mentality that is
inherent to all human beings and which collectively constitutes the
"environment" in which guerrilla warfare moves, and which is where
precisely its victory or failure is defined.
This conception of guerrilla warfare as political war turns
Psychological Operations into the decisive factor of the results. The target,
then, is the minds of the population, all the population: our troops, the
enemy troops and the civilian population.
This book is a manual for the training of guerrillas in psychological
operations, and its application to the concrete case of the Christian and
democratic crusade being waged in Nicaragua by the Freedom Commandos.
The purpose of this book is to introduce the guerrilla student to the
psychological operations techniques that will be of i