Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, guided his country through the most devastating experience in its national history--the CIVIL WAR. He is considered by many historians to have been the greatest American president.
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Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, guided his country through the
most devastating experience in its national history--the CIVIL WAR. He is considered by
many historians to have been the greatest American president.
Lincoln was born on Feb. 12, 1809, in a log cabin in Hardin (now Larue) County, Ky.
Indians had killed his grandfather, Lincoln wrote, "when he was laboring to open a farm
in the forest" in 1786; this tragedy left his father, Thomas Lincoln, "a wandering laboring
boy" who "grew up, literally without education." Thomas, nevertheless, became a skilled
carpenter and purchased three farms in Kentucky before the Lincolns left the state. Little
is known about Lincoln's mother, Nancy Hanks Lincoln. Abraham had an older sister,
Sarah, and a younger brother, Thomas, who died in infancy.
In 1816 the Lincolns moved to Indiana, "partly on account of slavery," Abraham recalled,
"but chiefly on account of difficulty in land titles in Kentucky." Land ownership was
more secure in Indiana because the Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for surveys by the
federal government; moreover, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 forbade slavery in the
area. Lincoln's parents belonged to a faction of the Baptist church that disapproved of
slavery, and this affiliation may account for Abraham's later statement that he was
"naturally anti-slavery" and could not remember when he "did not so think, and feel."
Indiana was a "wild region, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods."
The Lincolns' life near Little Pigeon Creek, in Perry (now Spencer) County, was not easy.
Lincoln "was raised to farm work" and recalled life in this "unbroken forest" as a fight
"with trees and logs and grubs." "There was absolutely nothing to excite ambition for
education," Lincoln later recalled; he attended "some schools, so called," but for less than
a year altogether. "Still, somehow," he remembered, "I could read, write, and cipher to
the Rule of Three; but tha