English as an Additional Language/Print version
English as an Additional Language/ Print version
This book attempts to introduce prospective students to the English language. We hope to create a solid and
well-done course to those who wish to learn how to speak, read, and write English. The benefits of learning this
language are manifold: English is spoken in more countries than any other language, and is considered the "lingua
franca," or international language of the world. It is the primary or major secondary language in the United States,
the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, South Africa, and many other countries, and is used by
businesspeople, travelers, etc. across the world.
This book is intended for both non-native speakers learning English, and teachers trying to teach the English
language. While it does not talk about the aspects of teaching, it contains content that should be useful.
Check back often for more content!
There are two basic forms of English as an additional language: English to use in an English-speaking region (e.g. by
refugees and immigrants) and English to use in a non-English-speaking region (e.g. by international business
This textbook offers resources for English teachers working in both contexts. When appropriate we will mark
information that is specific to one discipline or the other. Included are language reference information, teaching
techniques and tips, historical information about the English language, and activities to be used in your classes.
English as a Foreign Language (EFL) refers to English for use in the second of these situations, in a
non-English-speaking region. Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) is a common abbreviation for the
teaching aspect (education, career and methods).
In North America, in the first situation, English for use in an English-speaking region, is known as English as a
Second Language (ESL). In Britain this is called English for Speaker of Other Languages (ES